Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death among women in the U.S. Known breast cancer risk factors include age, race/ethnicity, reproductive factors, and benign breast disease. Family history of breast cancer and hereditary cancer syndromes, such as BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations, confer the strongest risk for this disease.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as an abnormality of kidney structure or function present for longer than 3 months. CKD can occur as a result of heterogeneous disorders affecting the kidney. In the United States, an estimated 13.6% of adults have CKD. Notably, adjusted mortality rates are higher for patients with CKD than those without, and rates increase with CKD stage. The purpose of this algorithm is to enable accurate CKD diagnosis and staging based on EHR data.