eMERGE Vanderbilt Group

ACE Inhibitor (ACE-I) induced cough

ACE-I induced cough is a common side effect of use of ACE inhibitors, one of the most common class of antihypertensives.  The frequency of ACEI-induced cough varies based on ancestry.  A GWAS of ACEI cough using this algorithm in the eMERGE Network identified KCNIP4 as associated with this phenotype, which was validated in two replication cohorts. 

Cases are those with ACEI cough.  Controls are those exposed to ACEI without adverse events noted and not switched to angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs).  

Algorithm validated - December 12, 2012.

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Final

Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as an abnormality of kidney structure or function present for longer than 3 months. CKD can occur as a result of heterogeneous disorders affecting the kidney. In the United States, an estimated 13.6% of adults have CKD. Notably, adjusted mortality rates are higher for patients with CKD than those without, and rates increase with CKD stage. The purpose of this algorithm is to enable accurate CKD diagnosis and staging based on EHR data.

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Final

Clostridium Difficile Colitis

Clostridium difficile, also known as "C. diff," is a species of bacteria that causes severe diarrhea and other intestinal disease when competing bacteria in the gut have been wiped out by antibiotics (see Wikipedia entry). In rare cases a C. diff infection can progress to toxic megacolon which can be life-threatening. In a very small percentage of the adult population C. difficile bacteria naturally reside in the gut. Other people accidentally ingest spores of the bacteria while patients in a hospital or nursing home.

Validation:

Final

Hypothyroidism

Project Outline:  Selection of all Caucasian patients with hypothyroidism without a secondary cause of surgical removal or radiological ablation.  The search is designed to eliminate subclinical hypothyroidism (by requiring that patients be on a replacement medication), medication-induced hypothyroidism (e.g., PTU, lithium, or history of amiodarone), and transient causes (e.g., pregnancy or subacute thyroiditis).

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Final

Peanut Allergy

Food allergy is defined as an immune response that occurs reproducibly to a given food, typically an immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated clinical reaction to specific protein epitopes.  Over the last 20-30 years, food allergy has grown into a major public health problem.  Peanut allergy is a common type of food allergy that accounts for a disproportionate number of fatal and near-fatal anaphylactic events amongst all the common food allergens.

Final

PGx medication risk prediction model

This algorithm predicts those who are going to be exposed to warfarin, simvastatin, or clopidogrel as three medications that have known pharmacogenomic influences.  This algorithm was used to select individuals for the Vanderbilt PREDICT (Pharmacogenomic Resource for Enhanced Decisions in Care & Treatment) program, which prospectively tests individuals at risk of needing medications whose efficacy is effected by genetic variants.  

 

For more information on PREDICT, see http://mydruggenome.org.

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Final

PhEMA BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) cases

This is PhEMA (Phenotype Execution Modeling Architecture, projectphema.org)'s implementation of the following BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) case algorithm from the following BPH case and control algorithm on PheKB:

https://phekb.org/phenotype/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-bph

Artifacts for this phenotype, inc. an HQMF representation, a KNIME workflow that can run against an i2b2 instance, and a snapshot of the PhAT graphical representation, are posted on GitHub:

Final

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