Migraine is the most common recurrent headache syndrome in children in which 4-10% of school age children may be affected (1). It is characterized by episodes of headache pain that may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and light and sound sensitivity. Migraine occurs at all ages and may even begin in infancy as represented by intermittent colic (1). The genes for familial hemiplegic migraine have been identified.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
Pain is a personal, multidimensional experience in which genetic biomarkers has a main role in determining pain sensitivity, perception and tolerance. Pain is a major concern for surgical patients and post-operative pain management still present a major challenge both in inpatient or outpatient settings. Apart from genetic factors, there are many other variables that may affect pain perception for example, pretreated patients may require less post-surgical medications, and they may recover more quickly.